Headline: The Atlantic Transort Line 

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S.S. Montezuma

Built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast
Launched October 31, 1891; Ttorpedoed 1916
Length 430'; Beam 47'; 6,357 tons, 12 knots
Twin screws; Triple expansion engines by builder, 375 n.h.p., 180 p.s.i.
AKA Ionia, Sandusky, Englishman


Launched as Ionia for the City of Liverpool Steam Navigation Company, this ship was delivered to her owners on January 12, 1892, and was taken over by the Elder, Dempster Line with the rest of their fleet on October 20. Her ownership was assigned to the Ocean Transport Company Limited. She was renamed Montezuma and was almost immediately chartered to the Atlantic Transport Line. She sailed from London in Atlantic Transport Line colors for the first time in October 1892, bound for New York, and sailing presumably as a freighter. She sailed under the Atlantic Transport Line flag for only four more voyages (for the passenger service) between December 1892 and May 1893. Each of these voyages is recorded in the Morton Allan Directory of European Passenger Steamship Arrivals.

By May 1893 the Montezuma was back with Elder Dempster's African Steamship Company operating a summer service from Liverpool to Quebec and Montreal, and the New Orleans cotton route in the off season. She and the Mariposa were sold in July 1898 to the Union Steamship Company for its North America to South Africa service, for which Montezuma was renamed Sandusky.

In July 1899 she was sold to the Mississippi and Dominion Line, renamed Englishman, and from January 1900 operated as a military transport carrying horses from South American ports. In 1914 she was sold on again, this time to the British and American Steam Navigation Company (the Dominion Line). On May 24, 1916, she was sailing from Avonmouth to Portland, Maine, when she was captured and then sunk by U 43 some 30 miles West of Malin Head. Some 68 men survived the sinking, but 10 were lost.

Sources: The Atlantic Transport Line, 1881-1931; The Ships List; Merchant Fleets: Elder Dempster Lines, Duncan Haws, 1990


For more information ...

Kinghorn "The Atlantic Transport Line 1881 - 1931" McFarland, 2011

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